Notables who died this year
The Associated Press
In this year like no other, the last male survivor of the Titanic died.
Michel Navratil was 3 at the time of the 1912 sinking, and he and his 2-year-old brother became famous as "The Orphans of the Titanic" because their father, traveling under a false name, had died in the wreck and it took days to identify them.
Michel Navratil died in his native France on Jan. 31.
Neil Levin died, too: The chief of the agency that owned the World Trade Center perished in its twin towers Sept. 11 with thousands of other workers.
An ordinary boy caught in a tragedy of the distant past — the destruction of the "unsinkable" marvel of shipbuilding. An ordinary man caught in the tragedy of our time — the destruction of New York's tallest skyscrapers, themselves an engineering marvel when they were built 30 years ago.
These are just some of the people who left us in 2001:
Ray Walston, 86. He played the lovable extraterrestrial Uncle Martin on the 1960s TV sitcom "My Favorite Martian" and the devil in "Damn Yankees." Jan. 1.
William P. Rogers, 87. Attorney general in one Republican administration, secretary of state in another, and a champion of civil rights and freedom of the press. Jan. 2.
Les Brown, 88. His Band of Renown scored a No. 1 hit with "Sentimental Journey" during America's big-band era. Jan. 4.
William Hewlett, 87. The shirt-sleeved engineer who co-founded Hewlett-Packard in a garage in 1938 and pioneered Silicon Valley and the computer age. Jan. 12.
Leonard Woodcock, 89. He shepherded the United Auto Workers union and then served as ambassador to China in the Carter administration. Jan. 16.
Laurent Kabila, 59. Congo leader who was welcomed as a liberator but came to resemble the dictator he toppled. Shot to death. Jan. 16.
Morris Lapidus, 98. Architect who designed some of Florida's most outlandish hotels, such as the Fontainebleau, and lived to see his flamboyant style gain a measure of respect. Jan. 18.
Byron De La Beckwith, 80. White supremacist convicted 30 years after the fact for assassinating civil-rights leader Medgar Evers. Jan. 21.
Tommie Agee, 58. He made two of the greatest catches in World Series history to help the New York Mets win the championship in 1969. Heart attack. Jan. 22.
Al McGuire, 72. Hall of Fame college-basketball coach and broadcaster who delighted fans with an endless stream of stories and one-liners. Jan. 26.
Michel Navratil, 92. The last male survivor of the Titanic. Jan. 31.
Howard Clark, 84. Visionary corporate executive who led American Express as it developed into a corporate giant. Feb. 2.
Gilbert Trigano, 80. His Club Med resorts revolutionized modern tourism and delivered sunny vacations to the masses. Feb. 3.
Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 94. The wife of aviator Charles Lindbergh, who became his co-pilot. She also wrote books of memoirs, fiction, poems and essays. Feb. 7.
Dale Evans, 88. Singer-actress who teamed with husband Roy Rogers in popular Westerns and wrote their theme song, "Happy Trails to You." Feb. 7.
Dr. William H. Masters, 85. A leading researcher in the field of human sexuality, he co-wrote 1966 bestseller "Human Sexual Response" with Virginia Johnson. Feb. 16.
Dale Earnhardt, 49. Seven-time Winston Cup champion and one of the most beloved stars in auto racing. Suffered head injuries in crash during the Daytona 500. Feb. 18.
Eddie Mathews, 69. Boston, Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves third baseman who hit 512 home runs in a Hall of Fame career. Feb. 18.
Balthus, 92. Swiss painter, one of the 20th century's greatest realist artists best-known for his erotic — some say pornographic — portrayal of adolescent beauties. Feb. 18.
Stanley Kramer, 87. Producer and/or director of some of Hollywood's most celebrated "message" films, including "High Noon" and "Judgment at Nuremberg," and former Seattle Times columnist. Feb. 19.
Claude Shannon, 84. Mathematician and computer scientist whose theories about binary code — a string of 1s and 0s — became the basis for modern mass-communications networks. Feb. 24.
Stan Margulies, 80. Television producer behind two of the most-watched miniseries in television history, "Roots" and "The Thorn Birds." Feb. 27.
Henry Wade, 86. District attorney in Dallas whose career included the murder trial of Jack Ruby and the landmark abortion case Roe v. Wade. March 1.
John Painter, 112. Thought to be the nation's oldest veteran, his military service during World War I took him from the Tennessee hills to the front lines of France. March 1.
Harold E. Stassen, 93. Perennial presidential candidate whose name became a synonym for political futility despite a distinguished career as governor, diplomat and university president. March 4.
Morton Downey Jr., 68. Abrasive, chain-smoking talk-show host whose reign over 1980s "trash TV" opened the way for the likes of Jerry Springer. March 11.
Robert Ludlum, 73. Author whose spy-adventure novels had unbelievable plot twists that kept millions of readers turning pages. March 12.
Ann Sothern, 92. Beauty who starred as the movies' wisecracking "Maisie" and as the busybody Susie McNamara in the 1950s TV series "Private Secretary." March 15.
John Phillips, 65. Co-founder of the '60s pop group the Mamas and the Papas and writer of its biggest hits, including "California Dreamin' " and "Monday Monday." March 18.
Chung Ju-yung, 86. He symbolized South Korea's economic miracle in the aftermath of war as founder of Hyundai. March 21.
William Hanna, 90. Animation pioneer who with partner Joseph Barbera created such beloved cartoon characters as Fred Flintstone, Yogi Bear and Tom and Jerry. March 22.
John Lewis, 80. Pianist who masterminded one of the most famous ensembles in jazz, the Modern Jazz Quartet. March 29.
Ed "Big Daddy" Roth, 69. His fantastic car creations and anti-hero Rat Fink character helped define the California hot-rod culture of the 1950s and '60s. April 4.
Beatrice Straight, 86. Actress who earned an Academy Award for her role as William Holden's estranged wife in "Network." April 7.
Willie Stargell, 61. Hall of Famer who led the Pittsburgh Pirates to two World Series victories with his soaring, majestic homers. April 9.
Joey Ramone, 49. Punk-rock icon whose signature yelp melded with the Ramones' three-chord thrash to launch an explosion of bands such as the Sex Pistols. Lymphoma. April 15.
The Rev. Leon Sullivan, 78. A pioneering civil-rights crusader who developed an international code of business conduct called the Sullivan Principals and helped end South Africa's system of apartheid. April 24.
Meyer Friedman, 90. Doctor who developed the theory that angry, uptight people — "Type A" personalities — are more prone to heart attacks. April 27.
Harold "Happy" Hairston, 58. A Los Angeles Lakers forward in the early 1970s when the team was what many consider the greatest basketball team ever. Prostate cancer. May 1.
Cliff Hillegass, 83. Founder of Cliffs Notes, whose study guides helped generations of students get through literature classes. May 5.
Douglas Adams, 49. British author whose science-fiction comedy, "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy," spawned a mini-industry. May 11. Apparent heart attack.
Perry Como, 88. With his mellow baritone, he entertained audiences with hits such as "Catch a Falling Star" and his popular TV show, "The Perry Como Show." May 12.
Jason Miller, 62. Playwright who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1973 for "That Championship Season" and sometime actor who was nominated for an Oscar for his portrayal of a priest in "The Exorcist." May 13.
Malcom P. McLean, 87. His use of large cargo containers revolutionized the global-shipping industry and changed the way goods are moved around the world. May 25.
Rep. Joseph Moakley, 74. Fifteen-term congressman from working-class South Boston hailed as "the last of the old-style pols." May 28.
Arlene Francis, 93. Witty actress who was a panelist on the popular "What's My Line?" television show for its 25-year run. May 31.
Nkosi Johnson, 12. South African boy whose fight against AIDS and his message, "We are all human beings," inspired millions. June 1.
Hank Ketcham, 81. Comic-strip artist whose lovable scamp, "Dennis the Menace," amused readers for 50 years. June 1.
King Birendra of Nepal, 55. Popular monarch of the Himalayan nation for nearly 30 years, the last 11 as a ceremonial figure. Slain along with his wife and seven other family members by a son who then committed suicide. June 1.
Imogene Coca, 92. Elfin actress and comedian who co-starred with Sid Caesar on television's classic "Your Show of Shows." June 2.
Joey Maxim, 79. Boxing Hall of Famer who outlasted Sugar Ray Robinson in a sweltering title fight in 1952. June 2.
Anthony Quinn, 86. The Oscar winner remembered for his roles as the earthy hero of "Zorba the Greek" and the fierce Bedouin leader in "Lawrence of Arabia." June 3.
Marie Bremont, 115. Frenchwoman who was believed to have been the world's oldest person. June 6.
Timothy McVeigh, 33. Oklahoma City bomber. Executed. June 11.
Joe Darion, 90. He won a Tony Award as the lyricist for "Man of La Mancha," the show that includes the inspiring "The Impossible Dream." June 16.
Stanley Mosk, 88. California Supreme Court justice who in 37 years on the bench wrote landmark decisions on civil rights, free speech and criminal justice. June 19.
Carroll O'Connor, 76. Actor whose gruff charm as the cranky bigot Archie Bunker on "All in the Family" began a new era of frankness in television comedy. June 21.
John Lee Hooker, 80. Bluesman whose rich, sonorous voice, coupled with a brooding rhythmic guitar, inspired countless musicians with songs such as "Boom Boom" and "Boogie Chillen." June 21.
Yvonne Dionne, 67. One of three remaining Dionne quintuplets whose birth in a small Canadian town caused a sensation in the 1930s. June 23.
Jack Lemmon, 76. Actor who brought a jittery intensity to his roles as finicky Felix Unger in "The Odd Couple," the boastful Ensign Pulver in "Mr. Roberts" and a cross-dressing musician in "Some Like It Hot." June 27.
Mortimer J. Adler, 98. Philosopher and education reformer who sought to bring intellectualism to the public with the Great Books program, his own best-sellers and the Encyclopaedia Britannica. June 28.
Joe Henderson, 64. Four-time Grammy-winning tenor saxophonist, considered one of jazz insiders' best-kept secrets. June 30.
Chet Atkins, 77. Guitarist and music executive who played on hundreds of hit records, influenced a generation of rockers and developed country music's lush Nashville Sound. June 30.
Mordecai Richler, 70. Canadian writer known for novels on Jewish life in Montreal such as "The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz." July 3.
Katharine Graham, 84. Deftly steered The Washington Post through the tumult of the Pentagon Papers and Watergate and built it into a leading force in American journalism. July 17.
Gunther Gebel-Williams, 66. The circus-animal trainer whose showmanship and uncanny rapport with animals delighted children of all ages with the Greatest Show on Earth. July 19.
Eudora Welty, 92. Wise, meticulous writer whose loving depictions of small-town Mississippi brought her international acclaim and a Pulitzer Prize. July 23.
Poul Anderson, 74. Master science-fiction writer known for his futuristic tales of human courage. July 31.
Korey Stringer, 27. Minnesota Vikings right tackle who played in the 2001 Pro Bowl. Heat stroke. Aug. 1.
Ron Townson, 68. Centerpiece singer for the Grammy-winning pop group The 5th Dimension, who had a string of hits in the 1960s such as "Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In" and "Up, Up and Away." Aug. 2.
Larry Adler, 87. The harmonica virtuoso who charmed kings, commoners and composers with an instrument once disparaged as a toy. Aug. 7.
Maureen Reagan, 60. The outspoken presidential daughter who crusaded for awareness of Alzheimer's disease after her father fell ill and for cancer victims after she contracted melanoma. Aug. 8.
Lou Boudreau, 84. Hall of Fame shortstop who as player and manager led the Cleveland Indians to their last world championship, in 1948. Aug. 10.
Donald Woods, 67. South African newspaper editor and apartheid opponent whose activism was chronicled in the movie "Cry Freedom." Aug. 19.
Dr. Harry M. Meyer Jr., 72. Co-developer of the German measles vaccine that has helped save children from birth defects such as blindness and cerebral palsy. Aug. 19.
Sir Fred Hoyle, 86. British astronomer who coined the term "Big Bang" but never accepted that theory for the origin of the universe, arguing instead that it is in a "steady state." Aug. 20.
Kim Stanley, 76. Acclaimed as one of the theater's finest actresses in the 1950s in plays such as "Bus Stop," "A Touch of the Poet" and "Picnic." Aug. 20.
Kathleen Freeman, 82. Veteran character actress whose face was known to audiences from television sitcoms, the film "Singin' in the Rain" and Broadway's "The Full Monty." Aug. 23.
Aaliyah, 22. Rhythm-and-blues singer known for hits such as "Age Ain't Nothing But a Number"; also a budding actress in films such as "Romeo Must Die." Plane crash. Aug. 25.
Dr. Christiaan Barnard, 78. South African doctor who became an international hero in 1967 by performing the first successful human-heart transplant. Sept. 2.
Horace A. "Jimmy" Jones, 94. Trained racehorse Citation to the final two legs of the 1948 Triple Crown and was the first trainer to top $1 million in purses. Sept. 2.
Troy Donahue, 65. Heartthrob actor of the 1950s and '60s who starred in teen romances such as "A Summer Place" and "Parrish." Sept. 2.
Pauline Kael, 82. Brash, witty movie critic who thrashed facile commercialism and self-indulgent pretense from her perch at The New Yorker. Sept. 3.
Neil D. Levin, 47. Headed the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the agency that ran New York's airports and owned the World Trade Center. Sept. 11.
Dorothy McGuire, 85. Soft-voiced actress who lent dignity and inner strength to such films as "Gentlemen's Agreement" and "Friendly Persuasion." Sept. 13.
Fred De Cordova, 90. Producer of "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" — and butt of Carson's jokes — for 22 years; director of such movies as Ronald Reagan's "Bedtime for Bonzo." Sept. 15.
Isaac Stern, 81. The master violinist who saved Carnegie Hall from the wrecking ball and helped advance the careers of generations of musicians who followed. Sept. 22.
Ozzie Simmons, 87. As a halfback for the University of Iowa in 1934-36, he became one of the first black All-American college football players. Sept. 26.
Nguyen Van Thieu, 78. Former South Vietnamese president who led his nation in the war that tore apart his homeland and bitterly divided the United States and then was forced to step down as North Vietnamese troops closed in. Sept. 29.
Mike Mansfield, 98. Montana Democrat and longest-serving Senate majority leader in U.S. history, leading through the tumultuous years of civil-rights demonstrations, Vietnam, Lyndon Johnson's Great Society and Watergate. Oct. 5.
Herbert L. Block, 91. Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post cartoonist who under the name "Herblock" skewered every president since Herbert Hoover. Oct. 7.
Jay Livingston, 86. Oscar-winning composer and lyricist who collaborated on such hits as "Silver Bells" and "Que Sera, Sera." Oct. 17.
Neil Tillotson, 102. For 40 years, he cast the first vote on U.S. presidential-election days in the tiny mountain village of Dixville Notch, N.H. Oct. 17.
Sir Ernst Gombrich, 92. British art historian whose definitive book "The Story of Art" was translated into more than 30 languages. Nov. 3.
Mary Kay Ash, 83. Her cosmetics company, known for giving pink Cadillacs to top saleswomen, made her one of the most famous women in American business. Nov. 22.
John Knowles, 75. Author whose "A Separate Peace" has been read by millions of students and is considered an enduring study of an adolescent's inner conflict. Nov. 29.
George Harrison, 58. The "quiet Beatle" who added rock 'n' roll flash and a touch of the mystic to the band's timeless magic. Cancer. Nov. 29.
Gerhart Riegner, 90. As a World Jewish Congress official in Switzerland, he tried to alert the world about the planned Nazi Holocaust in 1942. Dec. 3.
Peter Blake, 53. New Zealand environmentalist and yachtsman; two-time winner of the America's Cup race. Slain by river pirates on Amazon. Dec. 5.
Don Tennant, 79. Advertising wizard who helped create Kellogg's Tony the Tiger and Philip Morris' Marlboro Man. Dec. 8.
Melvyn R. Paisley, 77. A decorated World War II pilot, former Pentagon official and longtime Boeing officer who was later convicted in Operation Ill Wind, a major defense-procurement scandal in the 1980s. Cancer. Dec. 19.
Jacques Mayol, 74. The legendary free diver whose feats were chronicled in director Luc Besson's 1988 film "The Big Blue." Suicide. Dec. 22.
Lance Loud, 50. A free-lance journalist whose family was the subject of the groundbreaking 1973 PBS series "An American Family." Complications from hepatitis C. Dec. 22.
Harvey Martin, 51. A former Dallas Cowboys defensive end and one-time Super Bowl MVP. Pancreatic cancer. Dec. 24.
Sir Nigel Hawthorne, 72. A versatile stage, film and television actor who was known around the world as the scheming civil servant Sir Humphrey Appleby in the British television series "Yes, Minister" and its sequel "Yes, Prime Minister." Heart attack. Dec. 26.
Information in this article, originally published December 30, was corrected January 15. An Associated Press obituary and a list of deaths in 2001 indicated that advertising strategist Don Tennant created Kelloggs Tony the Tiger and Philip Morris Marlboro Man. Tennant played a role in creating Tony the Tiger and developing early campaigns for the Marlboro Man but was not solely responsible for creating either icon, according to a spokeswoman for the Leo Burnett USA ad agency in Chicago. The agency, which employed Tennant at the time, represents both companies.