Some survivors, victims became familiar names
At the time of the attacks, Von Essen had served for six years as commissioner of the Fire Department of New York, which lost 343 firefighters September 11. He left that position in December and has joined former Mayor Rudolph Giuliani's consulting firm.
Since the attacks, he has given speeches and written a memoir, "Strong of Heart." The book, subtitled "Life and Death in the Fire Department of New York" and released in August, covers Von Essen's life as a firefighter, union president and finally commissioner. The morning of September 11, Von Essen was called away from the lobby in the north tower to brief Giuliani. There, he had been in the company of the Rev. Mychal Judge, First Deputy Commissioner Bill Feehan and Chief Peter Ganci, all of whom were killed.
As New York City police commissioner, Kerik helped soothe a shaken city — first after the attacks and later as his department, which lost 23 officers at the World Trade Center, responded to the anthrax attacks. Kerik became commissioner in September 2000; he left his post in December to become senior vice president of Giuliani's consulting firm.
Like many New York City officials, Kerik was thrust into the spotlight at news conferences and on talk shows. His appearance on "The Oprah Winfrey Show" led him to reunite with the daughter he fathered with a South Korean woman while stationed in that country in 1975. He now speaks with his daughter several times a week.
Kerik has established his own security-consulting firm.
On the morning of September 11, the nation's solicitor general received two phone calls from his wife, lawyer and television commentator Barbara Olson, who was on Flight 77. Her descriptions of the hijackers' tactics before the jetliner crashed into the Pentagon provided some of the first details of what went on aboard any of the planes.
A book by Barbara Olson critical of the Clinton administration, "The Final Days: The Last, Desperate Abuses of Power by the Clinton White House," was published three months after her death and became a best-seller.
In addition to his formal role of handling the federal government's cases at the Supreme Court, Theodore Olson has led the Bush administration's battle for new powers in the name of national security, sometimes going to lower courts himself to argue cases. He won all eight cases he argued before the Supreme Court in its latest term.
Since her husband, Todd Beamer, helped lead what appeared to be a passenger rebellion against their Flight 93 hijackers, Beamer has been perhaps the nation's highest-profile single mother. She has traveled to Washington, where President Bush praised her husband; spoken at religious gatherings across the nation; made numerous television appearances; and attended memorial services.
A month after the attacks, Beamer, 32, of Cranbury, N.J., took the same Newark-to-San Francisco flight her husband had been on, to raise money for a foundation in his name. She gave birth to their third child, daughter Morgan, in January.
Among the victims ...
Some of the Sept. 11 victims many Americans felt they got to know after their deaths:
The 32-year-old Oracle account manager from Cranbury, N.J., spoke to a GTE operator from a phone aboard Flight 93. His final words — "Are you guys ready? Let's roll!" — have become a rallying cry for the war against terrorism. Today, the Todd M. Beamer Foundation aims to help kids deal with trauma and learn how to make choices.
A 6-foot-5 rugby player and founder of a public-relations firm, Bingham called his mother from Flight 93 and said he and other passengers were planning to fight back. Bingham, 31, was gay and has become a symbol of inspiration to the nation's gay community. The Mark Bingham Leadership Fund provides scholarships to students with interests in areas that include rugby and the qualities of teamwork, leadership and heroism. Rugby teams in the San Francisco Bay Area now vie for a cup named in Bingham's honor.
THOMAS BURNETT JR.
Burnett called his wife, Deena, to tell her about the Flight 93 hijacking and said he and other passengers were "going to do something about it." Burnett, 38, of San Ramon, Calif., was senior vice president and chief operating officer of Thoratec, a medical research and development company. His wife and three daughters moved to Arkansas this year to be closer to her parents. The new Thomas Burnett Family Foundation plans to provide endowments for children's bereavement camps and leadership scholarships at universities.
Glick, 31, of West Milford, N.J., called his wife, Lyz, after terrorists took over Flight 93. She patched the call to a 911 dispatcher, who told Glick about earlier attacks in New York. Glick, a former collegiate judo champion, told his wife some passengers had taken a vote, and "We're going to rush the hijackers." His older sister, Jennifer, is president of the new Jeremy's Heroes foundation, which has supplied sneakers to kids in Chicago and paid for 20 children in Washington to attend a soccer camp.
THE REV. MYCHAL JUDGE
Judge's death certificate listed him as victim No. 00001 — the first official fatality of the World Trade Center attack. A stretch of West 31st Street has been renamed in honor of the New York Fire Department chaplain and the Mychal Judge ferry runs around Manhattan and from New Jersey. A group of New York firefighters traveled to the Vatican to deliver Judge's helmet to Pope John Paul II. Judge's poster-sized portrait still stands inside the front door of Engine Co. 1/Ladder Co. 24, his local firehouse.