Misery by the numbers: the toll of Katrina
A look at key numbers reflecting the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina:
Deaths reported by state and local officials as of yesterday:
Congress has approved $62.3 billion for relief and recovery, with billions more expected to be needed in months and years to come. The federal government is spending more than $1 billion a day on relief effort.
National Guard has deployed 50,000 troops: Louisiana has more than 30,000; Mississippi more than 15,000; and Alabama about 800. About 17,000 active-duty troops also have been sent to the area.
90,000 square miles.
• Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) estimates nearly 293,000 homes damaged or destroyed.
• More than 1 million people left their homes, and 163,000 residents of Louisiana are in shelters, FEMA estimates.
• Baton Rouge became Louisiana's largest city nearly overnight as more than 100,000 rescue workers and evacuees joined pre-storm population of 412,000. Mayor's office said population could reach 1 million.
Census Bureau statistics:
• Estimated 9.7 million residents of Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi experienced hurricane-force wind.
• About 2.1 million people in those three states lived below the poverty level.
• As of yesterday, more than 427,000 Louisiana customers still had no power, state emergency officials said. More than 2,600 had no power in Mississippi, according to the utility Entergy.
• About 24,000 Louisiana customers lacked natural-gas service, and about 500,000 had no phone service.
• Paul Getman, chief executive officer of Economy.com, estimates economic losses at $175 billion, including damage to homes, businesses and infrastructure as well as disrupted economic activity and larger energy bills.
• Economy.com estimates that consumer prices in the second half of the year will increase by 3.2 percent on an annualized basis. That's up from a pre-hurricane estimate of a 2.5 percent increase.
Katrina could cost the insurance industry up to $60 billion in claims, according to Risk Management Solutions of Newark, Calif., a leading risk-assessment firm. Estimates by other risk-modeling firms range from $17 billion to $25 billion. In today's dollars, Hurricane Andrew in 1992 caused nearly $21 billion in insured losses.
• About 170,000 public-school students were displaced in Louisiana and Mississippi. In coastal areas, about 75 percent of schools sustained significant damage.
• American Council on Education estimates the storm affected 75,000 to 100,000 college students in the New Orleans area.
Charitable giving to hurricane victims has reached nearly $700 million, charities say.
• Estimates it will need about $1 billion for initial relief efforts in affected areas. As of Friday, it had received $503 million in gifts and pledges. By comparison, a week after a tsunami devastated parts of South Asia last December, the Red Cross had raised $79.2 million. In the two months after the Sept. 11 attacks, Americans donated $534 million to the organization.
• Has 39,000 relief workers in place, has served more than 6 million hot meals and 5.9 million snacks, and has operated 675 shelters, housing more than 160,000 people in 23 states.
• Has distributed more than $5 million in benefits to evacuees at the Houston Astrodome.
• FEMA has offered up to $2,000 per household at a cost of $640 million. More than 347,800 families have registered to receive the money.
• More than 20,000 evacuees have applied for some form of public benefits in the metro Atlanta area alone in the past week.
Oil and energy:
• Facilities in Gulf region account for 1.5 million barrels a day, or 29 percent of domestic oil production.
• Natural-gas prices could increase as much as 71 percent in parts of the United States this fall, according to the Energy Department.
• Domestic oil production should return to just under 5.4 million barrels a day in November, the level before Katrina, the Energy Department said.
New Orleans flooding:
• About 80 percent of New Orleans was flooded. The city, home to about 484,000 people, sits 6 feet below sea level on average.
• Corps of Engineers said as of noon Friday, the city was slowly being drained by 32 of the usual 148 pumps, plus 38 portable pumps.
• Most of New Orleans could be drained by Oct. 2, the eastern area and suburban Chalmette should be above water by Oct. 8, and it will probably take another 10 days to drain Plaquemines Parish, the Corps of Engineers said Friday.
• Direct agricultural losses are estimated at $1 billion, according to Terry Francl, senior economist for the American Farm Bureau Federation. He says full extent of damage may not be known for weeks, and agriculture could suffer another $1 billion in losses because of higher fuel prices and supply disruptions.
• Labor Department reports that roughly 10,000 workers filed for unemployment benefits last week after losing their jobs as a result of Katrina. Analysts said that number would have been higher except the storm closed claims offices and prevented more of the newly jobless from completing their paperwork.
• Congressional Budget Office assessment predicts employment for September will decline significantly, with job losses estimated from 150,000 to as much as 500,000. The report also forecasts 400,000 jobs will be lost in coming months as a result of the storm.
• For the first time in 159 years, Mexican Army troops arrived on U.S. soil, part of a plan to spend up to a month in San Antonio, home of the Alamo, to help evacuees. It is Mexico's first disaster mission to the United States, and the first Mexican military unit to operate on U.S. soil since 1846.
• The United States asked NATO to help transport European aid to areas hit by Katrina. It would be the first time the NATO Response Force has been used for a humanitarian mission.
• The United States accepted a United Nations offer of help. It is the first time since UNICEF was founded in 1946 that the U.N. has been asked to assist with a U.S. emergency.
Copyright © 2005 The Seattle Times Company